absence of gender identity, refusal to identify yourself with any gender
when a person expresses both (not necessarily equally) masculine and feminine qualities
lack of sexual attraction or weak sexual attraction to other people
"floating", mobile gender identity. A bigender feels like a man, then a woman, regardless of physical gender. Gender-role self-perception varies depending on the mood, the interlocutor, the environment
sexual, erotic, romantic and/or emotional attraction to the representatives of both sexes and/or genders, not necessarily equally and not necessarily at the same time
a term designating individuals who have a gender assigned at birth, a body and an identity of their own. Used to people who do not identify themselves outside the binary gender system, and do not insist on the existence of a "normal" gender identity
a process of open and voluntary disclosure by a person of own sexual orientation or gender identity and/or the result of it. The expression comes from the well-established English-language expression "coming out", which in its turn comes from "coming out of the closet" (literally "to come out of the closet", the meaning is "get out of the dark, to open"). Possible spellings: coming-out, coming out.
a rape committed because of the victim's supposed sexual orientation or gender identity. The goal, from the criminal's point of view, is to "correct" the victim's orientation, to make the victim heterosexual, or to make him/her to behave in accordance with gender stereotypes.
Drag Queen / Drag King
the men who transform into women and create an exaggerated female image, and the women who transform into men, including on the stage. Neither of them give up their biological sex. The drag is also not directly related to sexual orientation.
a derogatory name for a gay man, used mostly in the United States and often abbreviated to fag
"Family", "Be in family"
colloquial, allegorical designation of LGBT + and belonging to the LGBT community in Russia and the CIS countries
a spectrum of ideologies, political and social movements aimed at achieving equality of political, economic, personal and social rights for women or overcoming sexism.
a complex of physical, mental and behavioral characteristics which are considered female
a homosexual man who is experiencing sexual, erotic, romantic or/and emotional attraction to the members of his sex or/and gender
a sociocultural construct of the gender. The gender includes all those characteristics that are formed and developed in a person in the course of socialization, in order to bring his behavior and thinking in accordance with the accepted in a given culture norms, orientations, ideas about the behavior of men and women and other male and female characteristics
Genderfuck (gender bending)
conscious and demonstrative rejection of gender stereotypes imposed by the society of traditional male and female roles, behavioral norms and standards relating to appearance
a person who does not identify himself all the time with the same gender: his gender sensations shift or change depending on the social context. Unlike the bigenders, who self-realize themselves only in two genders -male and female, genderfluids can feel themselves more than two different genders - to be a man, a woman or a non-binary person
gender identity that does not support the division into traditional mutually exclusive categories of gender (woman / man). Along with the definitions of "gender variant", "gender transgressive" and "gender non-conforming", the term is understood as generalizing for different variants of identity
self-identification of an individual with one or another gender, internal self-perception as a man, woman, man and woman at the same time, then man, then woman, of another gender, none of them, etc.
denial of the division into two separate and opposite gender categories - men and women
a term used with respect to the people whose self-perception and, consequently, behavior, image, and so on, do not fit into the gender role to which their gender points at
Gender presentation (self-expression)
any clothes, activity, manners, behavior, etc., through which a person outwardly expresses his gender or tries to convey his attitude towards it
a set of social norms that determine what kinds of behavior are considered acceptable, suitable or desirable for a person, depending on his gender
the belief that heterosexuality, predicated on the gender binary, is the norm or default sexual orientation. It assumes that sexual and marital relations are most fitting between people of opposite sex
a system of views and beliefs assuming heterosexuality is the only natural, morally and socially acceptable form of human sexuality
sexual, erotic, romantic and/or emotional attraction to the members of the opposite sex or/and gender
irrational fear of homosexual thoughts, feelings, behavior and people, hostility towards homosexual people. Lesbian-, trans-, and biphobia are defined in the same way
After the World Health Assembly excluded homosexuality from the list of diseases in May 1990, the term "homosexual" that earlier indicated a disease became considered incorrect. Instead the "gay" is used.
sexual, erotic, romantic and/or emotional attraction to the members of their sex or/and gender
Hormonal replacement therapy
one of the ways to bring own body in line with gender identity. Contrary to common stereotypes, this is hormonal therapy, rather than surgery, that plays a main role in changing the appearance of transgender people: it causes changes in body shape and facial features, hair growth on the head, face and body, voice changes.
variations of sexual characters that do not fit into the traditional binary ideas about the gender. They include variations in genitalia, sexual glands and chromosome set
LGBT (LGBT+, LGBTIQ, LGBTIQ, LGBTQIA)
The abbreviation "LGBT" stands for "lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender". The term "LGBT +" is now considered more correct, because it includes by default all possible orientations and identities that cannot be covered by one abbreviation. Also there are abbreviations LGBTI, LGBTIQ, LGBTQIA, where I is intersex people, Q is queer, A is asexuals.
a homosexual woman, that is: experiencing sexual, erotic, romantic and/or emotional attraction to the people of her sex or/and gender
a complex of physical, mental and behavioral characteristics that are considered male
a situation when a person is called pronouns that do not match his gender identity or sex with which he identifies himself
the act of revealing, publicly declaring of information about person's sexual orientation or gender identity without that person's consent
sexual, erotic, romantic and/or emotional attraction to people regardless of biological sex and/or gender identity
non-binary sexual orientation, which implies the attraction of several genders to people. The people who identify themselves as polysexuals are attracted to two or more genders, but not all genders (like pansexuals) and not to men and women (like bisexuals)
the tactful name of the gay parades. The action aimed at demonstrating the existence of LGBT people in the society, supporting tolerant attitudes towards them, protecting human rights and civil equality for all people regardless of their sexual orientation and gender identity.
a collective term used to designate the people of different sexual orientations and gender identities who do not correspond to heterosexual or cisgender identity. Also it is often used to describe anti-heteronormative and anti-homonormative identities and beliefs.
prejudiced attitude, discrimination based on gender or gender identity
more or less constant emotional, romantic, sexual or erotic attraction of a person to other people of a certain sex and/or gender
"To change sex"
in the LGBT community this expression is considered impolite. Instead "to make a transgender transition" is used
a person whose gender identity and/or gender presentation does not correspond to cultural and social expectations associated with sex attributed at birth. The term is used to designate a wide range of gender identities.
the process of bringing the gender role and body of a person into harmony with own inner self-awareness - gender identity. Transgender transition can include socialization in a new gender role, change of passport name and legal gender, as well as medical procedures for changing external sex characters.
transgenderness accompanied with severe discomfort from the incompatibility of the anatomical gender to gender identity, the desire to put the body "in order" through surgical and hormonal intervention, the desire to live and be accepted as a member of a certain gender. The term is considered outdated, instead of it in any cases the term "transgenderness" is currently used.
The Glossary is formed under the consulting assistance of LGBT-group Raduzhny Mir.